Preventive health care

Irvine Mesa Charros 4-H Club
Irvine, California

Preventive health care

In our area, there are three types of injections that the goats need regularly: Tetanus toxiod, BoSe and a vacination for enterotoxemia. We give 1/2 cc. of tetanus toxiod yearly (usually one month before a doe is about to kid). BoSe contains selenium and vitamin E and is necessary to maintain muscle tone in adults and prevent "white muscle disease" in kids. Because hay in our area is low in Selenium, our goats receive 1 cc. of BoSe intramuscularly for every 40 pounds of body weight twice a year. The best time for bred does to receive BoSe is about one month before they kid and then 5 months after they kid. Babies should have their first injection at six weeks of age (1/2 cc), unless they need it sooner to correct a problem. For enterotoxemia the Clostridium Perfringens types C&D bacterin-toxoid vacination is given. It is often combined with a tetanus toxiod in brand names such as Bar-VAC CD/T or FERMACON CD/T. First course requires two doses at 21-28 days interval. The dose is 2ml SQ in the web of the elbow. Until recently yearly boosters were the norm, but vets are just now beginning to recommend twice yearly vaccinations. When using the combined CD/T it is not necessary to have a separate tetanus toxiod vaccine.

Check with a local vet to make sure goats in your area need selenium, and that the doses we use are appropriate for goats in your area and the brand of injectible you use. Overdoses of BoSe or injecting it to goats who receive selenium as part of their diet may be fatal. In your area, additional vaccines for other diseases may be necessary.

We deworm our goats twice yearly: in the fall before breeding and in the spring immediately following kidding. We use TBZ or paste wormers intended for horses ivermectin (Zimectrin) or pyrantel tartrate (Strongid C). Caution: check the label or ask your veterinarian whether the product can safely be given to a pregnant goat. Check labels for withdrawal time if you use the milk for human consumption. Note that while TBZ is one of the few wormers labeled with withdrawal times for goats, it may not be as effective as other products if you have no intention of using the goat or milk for human consumption.

Back to Page 5: Java Enhanced Goats
Forward to Page 7: Common Diseases
Back to The Goat home page
Back to The Information Dirt Road home page

These pages were designed by the Computer Science project of the Irvine Mesa Charros 4-H Club.